(CNN) – Thousands of protesters rallied in the Sudanese capital Khartoum on Sunday calling for an end to military rule, following a CNN investigation that exposed Russia’s plundering of gold in the African nation.
Clashes erupted after hundreds of demonstrators attempted to head to the Republican Palace — Sudan’s presidential offices — but were met by police, who responded by firing tear gas at the protesters.
Video shows demonstrators chanting slogans against the military, which overthrew a transitional civilian government in 2021, delivering a devastating blow to the Sudanese pro-democracy movement that toppled President Omar al-Bashir two years earlier.
Authorities closed off the main Mek Nimr bridge, which connects downtown Khartoum and Khartoum North.
On Friday, Sudanese pro-democracy groups, including the influential “Revolutionary Committees,” had called for a “million man march” to take place the following day.
The protests come after a CNN investigation uncovered evidence of a gold operation siphoning Sudanese wealth to Russia while evading US sanctions and run in collusion with the military leadership of Sudan.
The investigation, based on multiple interviews with high-level Sudanese and US officials and troves of documents reviewed by CNN, painted a picture of an elaborate Russian scheme to plunder Sudan’s riches in a bid to fortify Russia against increasingly robust Western sanctions and to buttress Moscow’s war effort in Ukraine.
Evidence seen by CNN also suggests that Russia colluded with Sudan’s beleaguered military leadership, enabling billions of dollars in gold to bypass the Sudanese state and to deprive the poverty-stricken country of hundreds of millions in state revenue.
The investigation was shared widely in Sudan and caused public outcry. Hours after the report was broadcast, posts began circulating on WhatsApp and other social media platforms used by pro-democracy activists.
“The investigation conducted by CNN is hugely important to us. It looked into the crucial issue of the conflict over resources, especially important in a poor country like Sudan,” Mohamed Al-Faki Suleiman, a leading Sudanese pro-democracy figure and former acting head of the civilian anti-corruption committee, told CNN.
“This is a result of the civil authority’s lack of control over the security services, especially the police and security agencies, and therefore we were not able to impose our control over the smuggling process,” Suleiman said.
On Saturday, the head of Sudan’s national mining corporation Mubarak Ardol criticized the investigation on Twitter, calling it “weak and imprecise” and its numbers “exaggerated and imaginary.”
CNN has reached out to Sudan’s military rulers but has not received a response.